What are your concerns? The HBM explains health behaviours from a social psychology perspective using theories of value-expectancy and decision-making [ 24 , 25 ]. Regardless of their past sexual experience the students were assessed for their intention to use a condom in their next sexual encounter, using the following item: We also retain data in relation to our visitors and registered users for internal purposes and for sharing information with our business partners. Determinants of condom use to prevent HIV infection among youth in Ghana. Abstract Fulltext Metrics Get Permission.
One should feel that one is capable of taking the necessary action correctly because it is that confidence that would motivate one to initiate and sustain the action. These findings also indicate that programmes which aim only at increasing awareness and knowledge may not succeed. Education level and religion did not have a meaningful effect on knowledge across age groups. An important proportion of participants do not believe in the efficacy of condoms and there are barriers to the use of condoms. Farming was the most common reported occupation
Adolescent condom use, the health belief model, and the prevention of sexually transmitted disease.
Data from the national sentinel surveillance revealed that the rate of HIV infection was as high as Metadata Show full item record. Interpersonal Barriers - Partner Trust, Structural Barriers - Accessibility, and Physical Barriers - Comfort significantly predicted a positive relationship between the factor and condom use behavior. Perceived barriers to health actions include phobic reactions, physical as well as psychological barriers, accessibility factors, personal characteristics, possible blocks or hindrances to engage in preventive behaviours, including such factors as cost, inconveniences and unpleasantness [ 36 , 37 ]. Ultimately, participants who reported greater intentions to use condoms were more than twice as likely to report using a condom in the past three months. Individuals aged 15 to 55 years old living in Toffo between June 10 and July 23, were invited to participate in the study.
Female sex workers FSWs and HIV in China One of the factors that drive the rapid spread of HIV in Asia is the infection transmitted between sex workers and their clients, which is then spread to the general population . FSWs are usually difficult to reach because commercial sex is clandestine . Self-efficacy of condom use was measured using a three-item scale assessing the confidence of using condoms with clients e. The survey questionnaire was designed as an adaptation from the instrument used in Benin for assessing key constructs of Health Belief Model related to condom use among youths aged 15—24 years [ 17 ]. Those who self-reported charging sexual activity during the last six months were included in this study. This study has certain limitations. Link to citation list in Scopus.